Sports, Hobbies & Pets
Ashford Book of Dyeing, The by Ann Milner. Published by Shoal Bay Press. ISBN 0908704887. Recommended retail price $24.95.
The Ashford Book of Dyeing is a comprehensive, clearly written introduction to the wonderful world of color - placed on fabric exactly how and where you want it. The text is immediately accessible to the absolute beginner. From an outline of basic principles, the author takes a step-by-step approach describing fabrics, relevant dyes and techniques. For the more experienced dyer she also provides detailed recipes for named dyes, instructions for advanced techniques and a very clear discussion of percentage dyeing, a system that enables the dyer to recreate exactly a specific shade or color. This new edition of The Ashford Book of Dyeing now also includes a chapter of projects which guides the dyer through a series of practical exercises designed to help develop an appreciation and understanding the techniques involved.
In an extensive section on natural dyeing, Ann Milner details the results of her own experiments with a wide range of natural dyestuffs and encourages the dyer in an exploration of his or her own environment. As she says 'The joy of using natural dyes is discovering them for yourself. The aromatic smell of the yarn and the soft, warm, subtle colors will be your reward.'
There are chapters on dye bath dyeing for protein and cellulose fibers: on direct application methods such as cold pad batch dyeing, screen and block printing, painting or spraying; dyeing silk using modern purpose-designed dyes; and resist dyeing techniques, including batik. The author shows how to achieve novelty effects with hot exhaust dyeing and how to use such novel heat sources as the sun and the microwave oven.
She also includes a thoughtful and useful outline of the principles of working with color. This is illustrated with color plates of value charts and graduated triangles which display examples of the wide range of shades available through percentage mixing of dyes. The book is illustrated with clear photographs demonstrating techniques and a number of color photographs illustrating the brilliant results that can be achieved. It has a comprehensive bibliography and a useful index of named dyes and dye classes. If you are setting out to work with a particular fabric or a specific dye; if you are looking for a required effect; if your interest is in natural dyes, ancient indigo dyes or the modern fiber reactives and ready-mixed silk dyes, The Ashford Book of Dyeing will provide invaluable information and guidance and inspiration!
Ann Milner studied art, ceramics and weaving at Coventry Teacher Training College in England. Her weaving tutor was the late Constance Towers. In 1967 she emigrated to New Zealand and began a study of New Zealand flora for her book on natural dyeing, Natural Wool Dyes and Recipes, which was published in 1971. For three years she was natural dye adviser to 'The Web' magazine published by the New Zealand Spinning, Weaving and Woolcrafts Society. During this period of time she returned to weaving and was invited to exhibit in the Merke Sharpe and Dohme 'Golden Fleece' exhibition. Study projects on fibers and methods of spinning, which were produced for her tutoring purposes, became the basis for I Can Spin a Different Thread, published in 1979
Ann Milner specializes in handwoven fabrics, using handspun yarns which
are dyed and blended from fiber to finished fabrics, designed for clients and
galleries. Her current interest is in wall fabrics, which are to look at rather
than to wear, and often contain areas of dyed cotton woven into the background.
Ann tutors for the New Zealand Spinning, Weaving and Woolcraft Society and for
the Otago Polytechnic School of Art. Soft cover,
192 pages. Published in 1998.
Ashford Book of Spinning, The by Anne Field. Published by Shoal Bay Press. ISBN 0908704941. Recommended retail price $24.95.
Spinning is a practical, fascinating and satisfying hobby with continuing appeal in an age of mass production. The Ashford Book of Spinning is a comprehensive spinning primer written by a leading New Zealand spinner with an international reputation as a teacher and craftsperson.
Author Anne Field has a unique ability to describe a physical skill clearly and concisely and her instructions are illustrated by over one hundred step-by-step photographs and diagrams.
In addition to advice on spinning wool with a variety of techniques, she offers chapters on the use of other fibers and novelty yarns, and on dyeing. There is also an introduction to the craft of felting and a useful selection of patterns for knitting, crocheting and weaving your own handspun yarn.
Since its first edition, published in 1986, The Ashford Book of Spinning
has sold thousands of copies all over the world, including in German and Japanese
editions. It is widely regarded as the foremost text on the subject. This revised
edition introduces the latest techniques and equipment and includes a range
of new projects using handspun wool and other fibers. Soft cover, 160 pages.
Published in 1999.
Classic Yard Games: An Instructional Manual for Parents, Teachers and Children by Garry Powell. ISBN 0949133310. Published by Robert Anderson & Associates. Recommended retail price $19.95.
What can I do? Were bored!
How often have parents, teachers and youth leaders heard phrases like this? Such words prompted this book. Young people are used to instant entertainment at the flick of a switch or the push of a button. Children often find it difficult to entertain themselves without electronic assistance. Classic Yard Games can remedy this, and help to make children self-starters.
¨ Played for sheer enjoyment.
¨ Played with enthusiasm for generations.
¨ Designed for small areas, need little equipment, and with simple rules.
¨ Promoting exercise, fitness, physical skills, body coordination, socialization, teamwork, independence and ethics.
¨ Suitable for one person, pairs, teams and groups.
For adult readers there will be fond childhood memories, and a desire to share the enjoyment of these old-fashioned games with the next generation. For younger readers there will be incentive to go outside and PLAY! Soft cover, 72 pages. Published in 2002.
Coaching Process, The: a practical guide to improving your effectiveness by Lynn Kidman and Stephanie Hanrahan. Published by Dunmore Press. ISBN 0864692854. Recommended retail price $28.
Don’t Forget Your Whistle!: Physical Education Activities for Young Children edited by Peter Meaney, illustrated by Roy Bisson. Recommended retail price $ 30.
As we near the 21st century, change in our schools is an accepted reality. These changes have inspired the authors of Don’t Foget Your Whistle to create a book that reflects the needs of today’s teachers and students. A fun book!
The book also recognizes:
¨ the shortage of specialist Physical Education teachers in our schools
¨ the increasingly sedentary nature of our children’s lives
¨ the need for Physical Education to be safe and healthy, relevant and enjoyable
¨ the need for Physical Education teaching to cater for the multitude of differences in the average classroom
There are over 120 activities that can be undertaken by the specialist or non-specialist teacher. The activities are designed to include a whole class and they will increase fitness and develop appropriate skills in children. Perhaps most importantly the book provides the basis for an exciting Physical Education program. This is an exciting and stimulating book. Soft cover, 106 pages.
Down To Earth! The Absolute Beginner's Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables by David Prosser. Published by Shoal Bay Press. ISBN 0908704216. Recommended retail price $9.95
Books on vegetable gardening can be very intimidating. They tell you about all the tools, time, effort, experience and hard graft you need to grown great greens - and put you off completely.
Down To Earth! Is different. David Prosser makes it all seem so simple you'll wonder why you waited so long. His methods are organic, so you don't need to learn when to spray what herbicides, pesticides or artificial fertilizers. Lots of good old-fashioned compost and mulch are the mainstays of the organic way, and the cover photographs of the produce from David's own garden are testimony to its success.
From soil preparation to planting, mulching, plant care and compost-making, ths no-nonsense, user-friendly book takes it all back to basics. It's filled with hints and tips from a gardener who's big on short-cuts and ways to save time and money.
As well as giving you an endless supply of crunchy, fresh, healthy vegetables, unlike any you have tasted before, gardening can also be fun!
David Prosser was born in England in 1937 and came to New Zealand at the age of 19. He has been gardening for 30 years and still swears by the organic methods he began with. In the 1970s he ran a small business manufacturing a range of organic fertilizers.
He is a member of the Soil and Health Association, the Biological Producers' and Consumers' Council and a number of other associated organizations.
Over the years he has had a number of articles published, and made numerous appearances on radio and television - some connected with gardening, some stemming from his interests in drama, documentaries and children's programs.
David and his wife Helen have three adult children and one grandchild. They
live and garden on the Hauraki Plains. Soft cover
104 pages. Published in 1995.
Essential Lavender; The Gardener’s Guide by Virginia McNaughton. Published by Bloomings Books. ISBN 1876473274. Recommended retail price $20.95.
A new hardback edition of this classic work on lavenders - accepted
by lavender growers throughout Australia and overseas as the authoritative
text on the
subject. Few gardens are complete without lavender - one of Australia’s
most popular garden plants. Beautiful, easy to grow and drought tolerant, lavender
is supremely versatile. Lavender has also been one of the most popular medicinal
plants for thousands of years and continues to have many aromatic and decorative
uses in the home.
• The authoritative guide to using lavender:
• The world’s most popular garden herb;
• Over 40 species and varieties described in color;
• Cultivation and propagation
• Companion planting and design;
• Recipes for oils, soaps and pot-pourris;
• Lavender wreaths and tussie mussies.
Virginia McNaughton is widely regarded as a leading authority on the species lavendula. She is a regular visitor to Australia and resides in Christchurch where she is trustee of the National Collection of Lavender for the Herb Federation of New Zealand. Hard back, 80 pages. Published in 2000.
Fast Light Boats: A
Century of Kiwi Innovation by Grahame Anderson. Retail price $29.95.
For a century now, New Zealand sailors have been designing, building, and sailing boats that will plane.
In true Kiwi fashion, their innovative developments have mostly been carried out by amateurs – sailors keen to build a faster boat for next season – who taught themselves design and boat-building skills out in the back shed and then learned to sail their new light boats in innovative ways.
Many Kiwi sailors have started out as youngsters racing P-class boats. Whether they progressed through the one-design classes of Zeddies, Idle Alongs, and Xies, experimented with R-class or Q-class boats, or in more recent times got into Optimists, Laswers and 470s, they have honed their skills and worked out what makes boats sail fast.
This book tells the story of fast light boats in New Zealand: of those designers, builders, sailors, boats, and clubs whose ideas and enthusiasm have made a difference to the way the world sails.
“Well balanced … a good record of the near and distant past [so] that readers will be able to respect the achievements of our yachties both old and new…” Graham Mander (Kiwi Olympic Yachting Gold medallist).
In January 2000, I was on the Hauraki Gulf at the same time as three different America's Cup syndicates ... the Italians, an American syndicate and the kiwis. Fast light boats. It gave me an adrenalin buzz that lasted the rest of my trip. Check this one out yachties. It's a gem. Soft cover, 182 pages. Published in 1999.
Click here for photo of 470 Class boat planing in heavy weather (63.55K)
How To Trace Your Family Tree: and not get stuck on a branch by Janet Reakes. ISBN 0868066273. Published by Hale and Iremonger. recommended retail price $16.
Millions of us have ancestors who came to Australia from overseas, whether as convicts, gold seekers, early free settlers or as post-war immigrants. Tracing those ancestors, sometimes many years later can be a daunting task for the beginner. Perhaps you're one of those people who wants to 'find their roots' but you don't know where to begin.
In How To Trace Your Family Tree (and not get stuck on a branch) Janet Reakes has included sample birth, death and marriage certificates and sample pedigree charts, family record sheets and vital records, and other 'blueprints' to make laying out the family history an easy, methodical task, with an attractive result.
If you've spent time researching family letters, photographs and interviewing elderly and distant relatives, you'll know that the genealogy bug is contagious! Let Janet Reakes make the task rewarding as well as compelling. Soft cover, 72 pages. Published in 1998.
My Garden My Paradise – the garden in New Zealand literature edited by Christina Stachurski
photographed by Sally Mason. Published by Hazard Press. ISBN 1877270091. Recommended retail price $24.95.
My Garden, My Paradise will delight and inspire as it celebrates the relationship between New Zealand literature and the garden. Over fifty of New Zealand’s finest writers express the beauty, joy and satisfaction of gardening, of growing food and flowers, of creating and enjoying a private haven. Inspired by their writing, garden photographer Sally Mason has created superbly evocative photographs to enhance the sensory feast.
Prose extracts and poems celebrate colonial gardens, spring in the High Country, suburban riots of color, feeling part of the land, Maori salad ingredients, Pukeiti in bloom, summer afternoons, gardens with secrets, a Japanese garden, a wild garden, a pyramid of tomatoes, and exchanging seeds with friends. Family, aging, love, philosophy, memory, comfort and humor are entwined with pruning, mulching, weeding, vegetables, herbs, fruit, bonsai, bulbs and, of course, roses.
My Garden, My Paradise captures and shares New Zealanders’ passion for their gardens, making it the perfect gift and a delight to own. Hard cover, 104 pages. Published in 2003.
Rugby Shorts - The World's Best Rugby Trivia by Graham Hutchins. Published by Celebrity Books. ISBN 1877252115. Recommended retail price $15.95.
Rugby Shorts - The World's Best Rugby Trivia is an entertaining and often humorous collection of trivia, oddities, remarkable events and quotations that are truly global and historically wide-ranging.
Its "off-the-shelf" life will be guaranteed by its status as back-pocket ready reckoner, beach holiday companion and jet flight boredom killer.
It will also function as a useful resource tool for the ever-popular rugby quiz, and settler of clubroom and pub arguments.
"Rugby Shorts" contains what you always wanted to know about rugby, but didn't have the time to ask. It also features what you never wanted to know when you did have the time.
¨ A player was taken out
by a boomerang during a match at Tamworth, NSW.
¨ The total weight of the 30 All Blacks who toured the British Isles and France in 1967 was 2 tons, 12 cwts, 50 lbs.
¨ Don Clarke once kicked an 84-yard penalty goal at Te Kuiti.
¨ At an after-match function in Argentine, a pig on a spit exploded.
Soft cover, 204 pages. Published in Dec 2001.
Rugby: Skills, Tactics
and Rules by Tony Williams and Gordon Hunter. Published by Firefly Books.
ISBN 1-55209-546-0. Recommended retail price $19.95.
The game of rugby may have been invented in England but there is little doubt that the powerhouses of rugby are all in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia, South Africa and New Zealand are the big three of world rugby.
So why a book on rugby in a Pacific Island books website? Simple, this was written by a couple of kiwis and first published in New Zealand.
This book has over 150 color photos, a run through of basic skills, some fascinating facts from the rugby world and twenty pages of rules. Soft cover, 167 pages. Published in 2000.
Click on links below for photos from Rugby: Skills, Tactics and Rules
Christian Cullen tackles France's Christophe Dominici. (51K)
England's Danny Grewcock flies high in the lineout. (57K)
Spinning has changed since its upsurge in popularity some 15 or 20 years ago. Spinners want to know more than how to spin an adequate yarn; they want to know how to extend the range of yarns they can produce, what is happening as they spin, and something about the raw materials they turn into yarn.
Spinning wheel manufacturers are responding to the more inquiring spinner by making wheels that can spin a wider range of yarns. But spinning books have not fully catered to this need for more detailed information. And spinners still rely on farming manuals and books by wool-classers for knowledge about wool, because little has been written from a spinner’s point of view.
This book is intended for spinners who have mastered the basic spinning techniques explored in Anne Field’s Ashford Book of Spinning. It builds on those basics to further extend spinning techniques, to teach spinners to analyze fleeces with their end purpose in mind, and to help them get the best out of their spinning wheels.
The first two chapters cover wool in detail, with many examples of fleece types from all over the world. Next, the functions of bobbin and flyer wheels are discussed in detail, and how to make the most of each wheel type.
In the yarn design section, spinners are taken step-by-step through the process of spinning yarns of a pre-determined size and twist count, with this knowledge related back to the properties of the chosen fleece. There are detailed explanations of different spinning methods.
Yarn on its own cannot achieve much; it needs to be knitted or woven into garments, rugs or fabrics. The book includes woven and knitted projects that suggest suitable and uses for handspun yarn.Spinning Wool: Beyond the Basics is an essential addition to the library of all spinners who want to get the best out of their craft. Soft cover, 156 pages. Published in 2002.
Training the Practically Perfect Puppy by Fiona Sharp. Published by Dunmore Press. ISBN 0864694423. Recommended retail price $12.95.
This book is a common-sense guide for those intending to acquire a puppy, and desiring a well-behaved, well-socialized pup of which they can be rightly proud. Starting with the question of choosing an appropriate type and size of dog, it goes on to deal with the first six months or so, covering the basics of early training and socialization. Although primarily for those who have never had a dog before, it will also be useful for people getting a new pup a number of years after raising the last one. It is easy to forget what it was really like, and what we did about it!
The methods suggested here have been tried and tested over many years by Guide Dog puppy walkers and trainers worldwide and they work!
Be patient, be kind, be consistent, and enjoy your happy, healthy, well-behaved dog.
All royalties received from this book will be donated to Guide Dog Services, RNZFB to assist with the raising and training of Guide Dogs to give increased independence to those who are vision impaired. Soft cover, 91 pages. Published in 2003.
Tropical Food Gardens: a guide to growing fruit, herbs and vegetables in tropical and sub-tropical climates by Leonie Norrington. Published by Bloomings Books. ISBN 187647341X. Recommended retail price $25.95. CURRENTLY OUT OF STOCK.
Leonie Norrington blends horticultural science with personal experience to create a book full of sound advice, enthusiasm and a genuine love of the natural world.
Have you ever wondered how to grow such exotic vegetables as snake beans, water chestnuts and loofahs? Luscious fruits such as rambutans, mangoes, carambolas and abiu? Herbs like vanilla, turmeric and galangal? Tropical Food Gardens will show you how to propagate, grow and use these and a wide range of other herbs, vegetables and fruits in tropical and sub-tropical climates.
This lively engaging book, laced with anecdotes, is full of practical gardening information from an author with years of experience. It’s also great fun.
Leonie Norrington was born in Darwin, Australia, and grew up on an Aboriginal community south of Katherine. She is a third generation tropical gardener and learned to garden at her grandmother’s knee when the only fresh food available was home grown.
Leonie works full-time as a journalist-writer. She is known to local gardeners through editing and publishing the magazine Greenants and Gravel.
She has three grown-up children and one grandchild and lives with her husband at Noonamah on their farm where they have grown fruit, vegetables and herbs for twenty years. Soft cover, 160 pages. Published in 2001.
Vision of Edna Walling, The by Trisha Dixon and Jennie Churchill. Published by Bloomings Books. ISBN 1876473010. Recommended retail price $47.95.
Since the 1988 publication of their first book on Edna Walling’s work, Garden in Time, Trisha Dixon and Jennie Churchill have maintained their strong interest in her life and career, leading to the discovery of many unpublished, original Walling plans – some treasured, many tucked into forgotten dusty corners, others thought lost forever.
Edna Walling excelled as an artist, translating her design concepts into superb watercolor plans which exquisitely convey the ambience of the finished gardens she intended to create, as well as providing valuable insight into her design principles.
The Vision of Edna Walling contains over 50 of these beautiful and evocative watercolors. Unique works of art, the plans trace Walling’s long and productive career and provide a lasting legacy of her extraordinary talent.
Edna Walling’s consummate skill lay in the creation of gardens of intelligent design – yet they were also romantic gardens and peaceful retreats for their owners. In her own words: ‘There should be intellectual enjoyment as well as emotional pleasure in the contemplation of our gardens, and this will only come with good but simple design.’
As Australia’s most significant landscape designer, Walling’s garden designs and publications remain influential; motivating, delighting and educating the Australian gardening public as much today as when they were first produced. Hard cover, 150 pages. Published in 1999.
Wet Games: a fun approach
to teaching swimming and water safety by Peter Meaney and Sarie Culka, illustrated
by Georges McKail. Recommended retail price $ 30.
Wet Games provides
teachers with a collection of games and activities that bring to participants
of all ages and at all levels the chance to acquire and perfect swimming skills
and to develop techniques of rescue and survival. The range is from simple games
in ankle-deep water to advanced procedures that simulate difficulties any swimmer
may face from time to time, and the importance of the safety factor is emphasised
throughout: water must be respected, no matter at what depth or in what location.
The authors believe that learning should be fun and enjoyable, and that even the most advanced scientific principles can be taught by playing games. They have tested all procedures extensively in national and international swimming programs and with both children and adults; requirements, levels, organisation and description of each procedure are clearly set out and illustrated, and the text is practical and easy to follow.
Children and adults love playing in water. Wet Games not only adds to the enjoyment: in so doing it teaches a range of invaluable water-safety skills. Water proof. Soft cover, 80 pages.
What’s Its Name? 1000 Ways to Dub Your Dog by John Gordon. ISBN 0908704976. Published by Shoal Bay Press. Recommended retail price $9.95.
From Apollo to Xerox, Abby to Toss, Baggins to Zulu and Haka to Puluto, What’s Its Name is surely the most extensive list of dog names ever published – and certainly the most tongue-in-cheek. But among John Gordon’s typically absurd similes, excruciatingly bad puns and gentle leg pulling there is a deep underlying affection for dogs of all shapes, sizes and breeds, and the various traits, physical and mental, that they can exhibit.
Above all, the 1600 plus names are a useful guide to people seeking inspiration in finding the right moniker for their mutt. In all but a few cases, there’s an explanation of the meaning, relevance and history of the name. For all those who love dogs, and those who just keep books about them (much quieter and don’t need feeding), this delightful book is a must.
A dog lover from the time he drew level with the shoulder of the local German shepherd, John Gordon became a New Zealand shepherd and, as such, has shared his life with an assortment of working dogs and companion canines. At present there are two, Catch and Miki. For its 16 years on screen, John was the commentator for (and later producer of) the immensely popular A Dog’s Show. He presented and commentated coverage of the New Zealand Kennel Clubs’ National Dog Show for several years. He has produced several videos and TV programs on the dog care and training, and wrote (in doggerel) and directed the documentary Dog Doting. He has judged many a ‘mongrel’ or cross-bred dogs show and is competing sheep dog triallist and judge. Soft cover, 136 pages. Published in 1999.
Wind Gardens: How to Create Beautiful Gardens in Exposed Places by Jacob De Rutter. ISBN 0-909010-76-5. Published by Te Papa Press. Recommended retail price.
Gardens are places of serenity created within the constraints of nature for enjoyment and relaxation. But often those natural constraints include the effect of wind - which restricts plant growth, erodes soil, and shapes and dries out plants - as well as other aspects of climate, micro-climate, and soil type. This book is a practical guide to creating gardens in wind-ravaged places by studying and using nature's models. It shows how gardens can be beautiful, yet require little maintenance.
Jacob De Ruiter lays out the basic principles of designing a garden, including site planning, preparation, planting and maintenance. He gives examples of successful wind gardens in difficult sites, including exposed coastal gardens and inland and shaded sites, with inspiring before-and-after photographs to show what can be achieved. And he provides lists of suitable plants for a range of different climates and environments, descriptions of their habitat, propagation, and special requirements.
Wind Gardens is an updated and enlarged edition of the best-selling Gardens in the Wind, first published in 1991, which has shown thousands of gardeners how to combat inhospitable landscapes throughout New Zealand. All gardeners seeking a practical handbook, whether they are working with a new site or trying to improve an existing garden, should read this book. Soft cover, 145 pages. Published in 2001.
See below for links to related books
4WD North Island; 91 Back Country Adventures, Volume Two by Andy Cockroft
4WD South Island; 107 Off Road Adventures, Volume One (revised) by Ken Sibly & Mark Wilson
4WD South Island: 93 New Off Road Adventures, Volume Two by Ken Sibly & Mark Wilson
ABC of Calf Rearing, The by Sharyn Munnerley
Ashford Book of New Zealand Folk Art, The by Maryke Lups-Frowyn
Brown Trout Heaven; Fly-fishing New Zealand's South Island by Zane Mirfin, Graeme Marshall, Jana Bowler and Rob Bowler
Classic Motorcycles in New Zealand by Kerry Swanson
Gardens in Australia: Their Design and Care facsimile edition of the author’s copy by Edna Walling
Gordon Ford: The Natural Australian Garden by Gordon Ford with Gwen Ford
Golf without guilt by Martin O'Connor.
Great Escapes: A Guide to Motorcycle Touring in New Zealand by Peter Mitchell
Hooked on Fly-tying by Keith Draper
Indigenous Plants of the Sandbelt: A Gardening Guide for South-eastern Melbourne by Rob Scott, et al.
Leading Edge, The: A Life in Gliding by Dick Georgeson and Anna Wilson
Long, White and Cloudy: In Search of a Kiwi Spirituality by John Bluck.Morris Minor Story, The New Zealand by Reiner Schoenbrunn
North Island Trout Fishing Guide by John Kent
Penny Gulliver’s Self-Defence Handbook for Women by Penny Gulliver
Plants Fors Free! A New Zealand Guide to Plant Propagation by Andrew Maloy
Running With The River: Tales From Paradise at Dusk by Murray Rogers
Salmon Fever; A Guide to Salmon Fishing in New Zealand by Ross Millichamp
South Island Trout Fishing Guide by John Kent
Sport in New Zealand Society edited by Chris CollinsVolcanic Trout: A Complete Guide to Fishing the Taupo Region by Brendon Mathews
|[Previous]||Spirituality and Religion
|[Mail]||Send E-Mail to Pacific Island Books
|[Contents]||Pacific Island Books Contents
Last modified on Saturday, April 12, 2008